‘Intelligence’ refers to a natural ability, something we are born with. It was previously thought that intelligence could be measured with IQ tests but this has been proven untrue.
There are eight different types of intelligence, according to developmental psychologist, Howard Gardner: visual, logical-mathematical, linguistic, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, musical, interpersonal, interpersonal, and naturalistic.
Intelligence cannot be measured with a piece of paper and a pen, but can be developed through education or training. After all, practice makes perfect!
Education is provided by an outside figure, typically a parent or a teacher.
There are many, many people who are talented and smart in ways other than academics and are immediately perceived as “dumb”. Likewise, there are people who are not at all talented in any field, but are capable of memorizing a textbook and taking a test, and so they are seen as smart.
The differences between intelligence and education are not easy to spot. Intelligence is internal, and education is external. Education can help further develop intelligence, or it can be mistaken for intelligence.
A good teacher knows the difference between the two and is able to identify which students belong to which category. He or she should be able to get through to both types of student and help them all reach their full potential.